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Sergei Korolev - the anti Pyat

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  • Groakes
    • Jan 2005
    • 2512

    Sergei Korolev - the anti Pyat

    It seems that Brodmann's employers were working feverishly behind the scenes during Stalin's reign to ensure that any advances developed by Pyat would be countered swiftly. If we look at the timeframes and locales (within the USSR) it is safe to assume that the younger Korolev would have been well aware of Pyat's accomplishments:

    Sergei Korolev was born on December 30, 1906 in Zhitomir, the Ukraine. In 1916, Sergei's parents divorced and a year later Sergei's mother remarried an engineer. his birth father was a literaryt professor. In 1917, the family moved to Odessa.

    In 1922, Sergei Korolev passed qualifying exams for a senior year at the Odessa construction professional school. At the time, he was already interested in aviation. In 1924, Korolev was admitted to the Kiev Polytechnic Institute, where he built his first aircraft - a glider.

    Two years later he transferred to Moscow's famed MVTU (Bauman High Technical School), the most prestigous engineering college in the USSR. His final design project before graduation was a small, single engined aircraft.

    Korolev graduated from MVTU in 1929 and his career took off (so to speak:
    • 1931 joined the Central Aero and Hydrodynamics Institute, TsAGI.
      1932 appointed chief of Jet Propulsion Research Group, GIRD.
      1933 Deputy Chief Jet Propulsion Research Institute, RNII, (a re-organized GIRD). At RNII, Korolev led the development of cruise missiles and of a manned rocket-powered glider.

    In 1938, Korolev was purged and sent to a GULAG in Siberia. In March 1940, after the intercession of Andrei Tupolev, Korolev was returned to Moscow and imprisoned in the infamous Butyrskaya prison. In September 1940, he was transferred to "sharashka" -- an aviation design bureau in prison led by Tupolev, now also a GULAG prisoner.

    In 1944, the authorities "paroled" Korolev and in 1945, Korolev travelled to Germanyto evaluate the German missile programme. In August 1946, while still in Germany, Korolev was appointed chief of a department responsible for the development and industrial production of missile technology based on German hardware - the V2 ballistic missile.

    In the following years, Korolev was responsible for the first artificial satelite (Sputnik) the first living animal in space (Laika the dog on Sputnik2) the first heavy scientific sattelite, the first man in space, the first woman in space, the first lunar impact, the first lunar orbit and the first Venusian orbit and led the development of several generations of ballistic missiles, launch vehicles, science, military and communications satellites, interplanetary probes and manned spacecraft. He died at the height of his career as a result of a botched surgical operation on January 14, 1966.
    Does it follow that I reject all authority? Perish the thought. In the matter of boots, I defer to the authority of the boot-maker.
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    Cor! An' I orlways fort that bleedin' Ivan were lyin'.